Tuesday, July 10, 2018

10 Great Lessons We Learned from the Industrial Revolution

Did you know that in Great Britain, 15% of the population lived in towns in the year 1750 and by the year 1900? 85% of the British population lived in towns or cities? You may be surprised or ask why the move? Well, this great move of people was due to the Industrial Revolution. With the creation of the steam engine which was the essential machine making the industrial revolution possible. Hard work by man was no longer needed and the efficiency of production increase. The steam engine led to the production of ships, locomotives, and powered factories. This lead to the rise in demand for coal and iron since they were what was needed to power these steam engines and also used to make them. Later, countries like the US, France, and Germany adapted to the British industrial revolution which has changed the phase of the earth we live in since then. Well, in this article we are going to look at 10 Great Lessons we learned from the industrial revolution.

1. Urbanization

Due to the fact that factories offered jobs to people, most poor people in rural areas
moved to the city in order to make ends meet. Urbanization was made possible through railways
linking cities to rural areas. In the year 1900, London had a population 01 45 million people.
Some problems urbanization brought were: - Sanitation Problems - Child Abuse - Pollution-
Exploitation of workers- Overcrowding.

2. Agricultural Revolution

With the industrial revolution taking over, there was the need for food supply to be sufficient
for everyone to support the population, boost trade and support the large expansion. This
led to new farming techniques been implemented such as fencing of farms, seed drilling,
and crop rotation.

3. Textile Production

With the invention of the spinning mule and the power loom, factories produced textile in
larger quantities and higher qualities. The industrial revolution led to the outmoding of the
home manufacturing system of textile called the "Cottage Industry".

4. Iron Industry Boosted

With the development of the inexpensive process of mass
production of steel by Henry Bessemer, Iron and steel were produced in cheaper and
larger quantities. These were crucial materials needed for the construction of ships,
steam engines, and machinery needed for the process of industrialization.

5. Transportation

With people moving from rural communities to urban communities to find a job there
was a necessity to link roads from urban areas to rural area hence the railway was
made possible. Also, the steam-powered vessels made it possible for the exportation
and importation of goods in and out of Britain to neighboring countries.

6. Strengthening of Capitalism

Well, the idea of private enterprises or people who wanted to make investments with
risks, and make profit was encouraged. They were given the mandate to give stock to
outside vendors in other to hold a share in their company. These activities were
monitored by the government with monitoring cooperation.

7. Formation of Unions

With the exploitation of workers, unions were formed with the intentions of protecting
a worker from been exploited and also increasing the rise and wages of workers.
Some of the strategies used by unions to demand their rights were, collective
bargaining which has to do with negotiations between workers and employers,
and strikes; refusing to work.

8. Evolution of Philosophies

The industrial revolution led to great thinkers bringing up philosophies about the future
and present. An example is Thomas Matlus who believed that Birthrates wouldn't keep
up with the food supply and that poverty would be inevitable.

9. Utilization of Resources

With neighboring countries involved in war and spending their capital on standing army
and weapons, the British spent their capital on industries to process most of their
natural resources into products they could use This lead to a boom in the economy and
also technological developments too.

10. Science and Technology on the Rise

With the increase and population and improper sanitary conditions been rampant,
scientist such as Loius Pasteur invented the germ theory to investigate how
micro-organisms caused diseases in human. Also, Engineers were been respected
and encouraged to produce more machinery and tool need for transport and production.

With these lessons, the industrial revolution with no doubt changed the phase of the
earth and also made life easy and better for humans through inventions, philosophies
and proper utilization of resources.